Thursday, May 26, 2011

Industrial Light and Magic

Industrial Light and Magic

Industrial Light and Magic have had many achievements and received many awards over the years for their outstanding visual effects in many of the films we all know and love.

Their greatest achievements and milestones include:

The resurrection of VistaVision (a higher resolution, widescreen variant of the 35mm motion picture film format, created by engineers at Paramount Pictures in 1954); first use of a motion control camera in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope in 1975.

In 1982 ILM created the first completely computer-generated sequence – the Genesis sequence in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan.

In 1985 ILM created “the stained glass man” in Young Sherlock Holmes, the first completely computer-generated character.

In 1988 the first morphing sequence was created for the film Willow.

In 1989 the first computer-generated 3D character – the pseudopod in The Abyss – was created.

In 1991 the T-1000 in Terminator 2: Judgment Day was created – it was the first partially computer-generated main character.

In 1992 the texture of human skin was computer-generated in the film Death Becomes Her, for the first time.

In 1993 ILM used digital technology for the first time to create a complete and detailed living creature – the dinosaurs in Jurassic Park.

In 1995 the first fully synthetic speaking computer-generated character, with a distinct personality and emotion, to take a leading role in the film Casper; the first computer-generated photo-realistic hair and fur (used for the digital lion and monkeys) in Jumanji. In the same year, ILM were the first to put visual effects for live-action sequence into a 2D cartoon in Balto.

In 1996, ILM created the first completely computer-generated main character – Draco in Dragonheart.

In 1999, Imhotep in The Mummy was created – it was the first computer-generated character to have a full human anatomy.

In 2003, ILM used the most extensive projects and animation techniques yet to create a large, human-like, green monster in Hulk.

In 2006, ILM used the iMocap system in the creation of Davy Jones and the ship’s crew in the film Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest.

In 2011 the film Rango was created – it was the first film animated completely by ILM.

ILM were nominated for Best Visual Effects for many years in the Academy Awards, the British Academy Awards and the Emmy Awards.

2009 – Nominations for Star Trek and Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince

2008 – Nominations for Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull and Iron Man.

2007 – Nominations for Transformers and Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End.

2006 – Received awards for Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest.

2005 – Nominations for the Chronicles of Narnia and War of the Worlds.

2004 – Nominations for Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban.

2003 – Nominations for Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World and Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl.

2002 – Nominations for Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Gangs of New York, Minority Report, and Star Wars: Episode II “Attack of the Clones”.

2001 – Nominations for A.I. Artificial Intelligence.

2000 – Nomination and award for The Perfect Storm.

1999 – Nominations for Sleepy Hollow, Star Wars: Episode I “The Phantom Menace” and The Mummy.

1998 – Nomination for Mighty Joe Young and award for Saving Private Ryan.

1997 – Award for Men In Black and nomination for The Lost World: Jurassic Park

1996 – Nominations and award for Dragonheart and Twister.

1994 – Nominations and awards for Forrest Gump and The Mask.

1993 – Received awards for Jurassic.

1992 – Received awards for Death Becomes Her.

1991 – Nominations for Hook and Backdraft; awards for Terminator II: Judgment Day.

1989 – Awards and nomination for Back To The Future Part II and The Abyss.

1988 – Awards and nomination for Who Framed Roger Rabbit and Willow.

1987 – Received awards for Innerspace and The Witches of Eastwick

1985 – Nominations and awards for Young Sherlock Holmes, Ewoks: The Battle for Endor, Back to the Future and Cocoon.

1984 – Received awards for The Ewok Adventure and Indiana Jones & The Temple of Doom.

1983 – Received awards for Return of the Jedi.

1982 – Nomination and awards for ET and Poltergeist.

1981 – Nomination for Dragonslayer.

1980 – Award for Emperor Strikes Back

1977 – Award for Star Wars.

ILM was created by George Lucas to provide visual effects for his first Stars wars movie Episode IV – A new hope (1977). In the production the Dykstraflex motion control camera system was created and used. This system facilitated the compositing of numerous elements, this system revolutionized the visual effect field. Since then ILM has created visual effects for close to 300 films, including the entire Star Wars saga, The Abyss, Indiana Jones series, Harry Potter series, Jurassic Park series, Back to the Future trilogy, a few of the Star Trek films, Ghostbusters II, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Pirates of the Caribbean series, the entire Terminator sequels, Transformers films, the Men in Black series, and also provided some work for Avatar. ILM also collaborates with Steven Spielberg on most films that he directs and/or produces.

ILM were also the first visual effects company to create entire computer generated characters. The films included Young Sherlock Holmes, The Abyss, Terminator 2: Judgment Day and Jurassic Park. They also created life like distortions of the human body in Death Becomes Her and The Mask which made way to digital breakthroughs in the films The Perfect Storm, Twister, Star Wars: Episode I -The Phantom Menace and on to modern blockbusters like Avatar and Star Trek, Transformers, Pirates of the Caribbean and Iron Man films.

Additionally, the ILM has created less noticeable effects in productions such as Schindler's List, Forrest Gump, Snow Falling on Cedars, Magnolia, and some Woody Allen films. This includes widening streets, digitally adding more extras to a shot, and inserting the film's actors into famous photos.

With its many technical and creative innovations, ILM has helped develop the evolution of visual effects and set the standard.

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